Align Teaching With Objectives

Updated Resources_August 2016

Books & Articles:

  • Fink, L. D. (2013). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    • Using a research-based model, Fink guides faculty in learner-centered course design with an emphasis on active learning and engagement. Addresses traditional classroom and online settings.
  • Meyers, N. M., & Nulty, D. D. (2009). How to use (five) curriculum design principles to align authentic learning environments, assessment, students’ approaches to thinking and learning outcomes. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 34(5), 565-577.
    • Proposes five principles of course design, which when applied, foster student engagement and understanding of increasingly complex concepts. Demonstrates how design model was applied in a third year undergraduate course for environmental and ecological science, but emphasizes that model is flexible and can be applied to a wide range of scenarios.


  • Fink, L. D (2014). Integrated course design. IDEA Paper #42, 1-7.
    • In this brief IDEA paper, Dee Fink provides a concise and visually rich summary of the integrated course design model presented in his seminal work, Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses. The author’s step-by-step model involves identifying situational factors, establishing learning goals, feedback and assessment, teaching and learning activities and integration.
  • Hickey, D (2015). A framework for interactivity in competency-based courses. Educause Review.
    • Daniel Hickey, Professor and Program Coordinator at Indiana University Bloomington Learning Sciences Program, summarizes the advantages and reasons for resistance to competency based education (CBE) for online education, and promotes a participatory approach grounded in five educational design principles. Article includes a brief video clip.

Original Supporting Resources:

  • Ambrose, S. A., Bridges, M. W., DiPietro, M., Lovett, M. C., & Norman, M. K. (2010). How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Biggs, J. (2003). Aligning teaching and assessing to course objectives.Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: New Trends and Innovations, 2, 13-17.